How are Die Castings Produced?
Preparation and clamping of the two halves of the die.
The molten metal is next transferred into a chamber where it can be injected into the die.
When the entire cavity is filled and the molten metal solidifies by cooling, the final shape of the casting is formed.
Die halves can be
opened and an ejection mechanism can push the casting out of the die cavity.
During cooling, the material in the channels of the die will solidify attached to the casting.
Hot Chamber Machine
Used for alloys with low melting temperatures, such as zinc, tin, and lead. The temperatures required to melt other alloys would damage the pump in direct contact with the molten metal.
Cold Chamber Machine
Used for alloys with high melting temperatures that cannot be cast in hot chamber machines because they would damage the pumping system. Such alloys include aluminum, brass, and magnesium.
Cold chamber machine VS Hot chamber machine
|COLD CHAMBER MACHINE||HOT CHAMBER MACHINE|
|Materials Used||Alloys – Aluminum, Brass, Copper||Alloys – Zinc, Copper, Magnesium, Lead|
|Temperature||Materials with high melting points||Materials with low melting points|
|Chamber||Cylindrical Sleeve-Automatic-Hand Ladle||Gooseneck|
|Closing System||Hydraulically Operated Plunger||Plunger|
Technique is carried out by imparting the part surface using certain abrasive materials for preparing its surface. Used for surface preparation before the part is subjected to other operations like anodizing, painting, etc. Shot blasting can considerably improve the durability and longevity of the part.
To deliver a die cast part with nice smooth surfaces, without dividing lines or other defects, ready for surface finishes. Grinding.
Black Hard Anodizing
The only available anodizing method for aluminum die casting parts. The corrosion resistance of the surface is greatly improved. This finish is highly recommended for the casting of outdoor applications.
Used not just as a surface decorative, but also to improve the surface corrosion resistance of the casting products. This process shields even the toughest and roughest machinery from corrosion.
Painting & Stoving Varnish
Painting is usually used for surface prevention and decoration, whereas stoving varnish is comparatively an expensive process and it is mainly used for decorative die casting parts.
Brushing is used for the decoration of die cast products. Polishing is actually a necessary process that needs to be performed before any other surface treatment methods including stoving varnish, electroplating, or powder coating.
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